Are there racial differences in physical performance

More articles from the rubric
Health behavior (smoking, diet, sport, etc.)

Minimum alcohol price lowers alcohol consumption (25.5.20)
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Obesity prevention for young risk groups does not achieve this, but predominantly German-speaking parents (6.12.19)
Where good advice on healthy eating is too expensive - for around 1.6 billion people worldwide! (11/11/19)
Does jogging or walking a little lower the risk of mortality and does the risk of death decrease with the length of jog? Yes No! (9/11/19)
Does the medical degree convey knowledge about nutritional behavior? No, or how the blind should teach the blind to see! (2.11.19)
18 years of education about "healthy and unhealthy nutrition" has only had little effect in the USA and then often only socially unequal (October 2nd, 2019)
Do long-term smokers reduce their risk of cardiovascular disease by stopping smoking? Yes and no, not completely even after 15 years! (8/26/19)
Do Diet Supplements Lower Your Risk of Cardiovascular Disease / Mortality? With a few exceptions, not !!! (4.8.19)
Reduction or avoidance of work-related stress is evident among health workers through yoga and Qigong - but not others! (7/20/19)
Just before Easter, of all times: Eggs are back on the "Better not to eat" list! Difficulties in making informed decisions (8.4.19)
Exercise and health: it is rarely too little and too short to achieve positive health effects (20.3.19)
Health legends - The case of "table salt reduction" (8.11.18)
What do parents know about the sugar content of some of their children's favorite foods? Tremendously little. (27.2.18)
"If Anyone Is Going To Take Away Our Business It Should Be Us" - Why The Tobacco Industry Is Helping "Quit" Smoking! (20.2.18)
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"Can a single cigarette still be significantly harmful?" - Yes, much more than expected! (1/25/18)
"Stairway to health": Small hints help you decide whether to use the stairs instead of the elevator or escalator. (10/16/17)
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Trust and hope in the long-term effect of subsidies and self-commitment is good, but permanent control is better (13.6.17)
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Graphic warnings on cigarette packets reduce tobacco consumption (7/11/2016)
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"Milk perks up tired men", "Caution milk" or caution observational study? (2.11.14)
A lot of risk, a lot of education, little effect - sun protection and sunbed visits with US high school students 2001-2012 (8/26/14)
"At least twice a day", but how best is unclear or evidence-based tooth-brushing technique nil! (8/13/14)
How much does a smoking employee cost companies per year and what is the most expensive? (7/29/14)
"I have the right weight" - self-perception of many overweight and fat children in the USA differs from measured values ​​(7/24/14)
Tobacco smoking risk pyramid: active smoking, passive smoking and now also "third hand smoke" smoking (July 17, 2014)
Good times, bad times or how has the health behavior of young people in the USA developed since 1991? (6/15/14)
"Active and passive smoking endanger your health" - further evidence from multi-year comparisons in Switzerland (8.6.14)
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Evidence for the benefits of weight loss, exercise and muscle building as methods for patients with knee / hip osteoarthritis (16.12.13)
Does the notice "Smoking can kill" promote long-term sales or do warnings strengthen product trustworthiness? (4/10/13)
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A touch of Sisyphus: Vitamin C does not prevent colds and has modest effects on their duration and severity. (21.2.13)
"Women who smoke like men also die like men" - 50-year trends in nicotine-associated mortality by gender (5.2.13)
"Demigods or demigods in white and green" are also people: health behavior and lifestyle of doctors and nurses (23.1.13)
Warning notice "Smoking causes fatal lung cancer" works better with tumor picture and reduces inequality of communication (18.1.13)
"Quit smoking" - but how best and most effective? (12/25/12)
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When the "best" brings more bad than good. Unexpected effects of reducing salt. (11/11/12)
Caution: magic recipe: 11 years of lifestyle change (diet and exercise) of diabetics without "hard" success (23.10.12)
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Those who sit a lot are dead longer (9/13/12)
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What "weight" do seven behavioral and risk factors have on cardiovascular health? (7/10/12)
Only canned meat makes you sick - or does every type of meat consumption lead to higher mortality? (6.7.12)
Unequal physical performance in old age due to various disadvantages in previous life (11.6.12)
The myth of "good" cholesterol: causes and prevention of the risk of heart attack are more complex. (17.5.12)
The life expectancy of even fitter older adults depends largely on social vulnerability or social deficits (23.4.12)
Medical "referrals" of immobile persons in exercise programs are almost ineffective (18.4.12)
Overestimated role of school and nutrition there for obesity (3.4.12)
Increasing questionability of cholesterol levels as risk factors and the use of cholesterol-lowering drugs in the elderly (2.4.12)
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How can interventions to increase physical activity among female students become more effective? (1.2.12)
More complex intervention for more physical activities in 75+ year olds is also effective 1 ½ years after the end of the intervention! (11/24/11)
Children are not only "cute", they can also save their fathers from cardiac death - the more children the better! (10/24/11)
"No future" for many through "futures" for a few. Facts on the undesirable effects of commodity futures, OTC swaps, etc. (18.10.11)
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14 Country Report: Most smokers are familiar with warnings on cigarette packs and many of them are thinking of quitting! (31.5.11)
Why shouldn't older women rely on being able to reduce their risk of heart defects from grilled or fried fish? (29.5.11)
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IDEFICS - An EU project for the prevention of obesity in children comes to an end in 2011 (5.2.11)
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"Man is a social being" and almost always! What does this have to do with unsuccessful health education? (5.11.10)
English children's study: "Physical passivity does not make you fat, but overweight leads to passivity" (5.10.10)
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Food from TV commercials: just plain unhealthy (1.8.10)
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Corrected error: fruit and vegetables offer little or no protection against cancer (14.4.10)
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Scottish State Health System pays weekly cash bonuses to smokers who quit their vices (5/5/09)
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Countries with little cycling and walking also have a greater problem of obesity (3/17/09)
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750 dollar bonus for smokers who give up their vice: financial incentives for abstaining from nicotine show effect in a US study (13.2.09)
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If the alcohol price rises, consumption and alcohol-related deaths fall - and vice versa (11/28/08)
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Finnish follow-up study: Smoking in advanced age sustainably lowers quality of life and life expectancy (1.11.08)
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The passive smoker's leg: news on the vascular disease risks of passive smoking. (29.9.2008)
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Primary prevention: only smoking causes a guilty conscience today, other behavioral risks tend to be suppressed (June 13, 2008)
Health is contagious - not smoking is not a lonely decision (May 28, 2008)
"Too much salt is harmful to your health!" Another nutritional mistake uncovered? (May 17, 2008)
Strict smoking bans in US pubs and restaurants inhibit adolescents from becoming habitual smokers (May 8, 2008)
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"Health Hysteria!" - English media massively question recommendations on health behavior (13.1.2008)
Exercise and moderate alcohol consumption together are associated with a low overall risk of death and heart disease! (10.1.2008)
Physical activity + no smoking + moderate alcohol + healthy diet = gain in 14 years of life expectancy (8/1/2008)
Black chocolate protects against heart attacks? Generally, yes. But unfortunately ... (12/31/2007)
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"Overfed but undernourished": Healthy nutrition is also impaired by high prices for low-calorie foods (10.12.2007)
Some may only leave with pictures - damage to the lungs of passive smokers can be seen in the picture for the first time. (27/11/2007)
Climbing stairs instead of escalators - How to encourage physical activity (15.11.2007)
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Study criticizes lack of scientific basis and insufficient evaluation of prevention in Germany (23.10.2007)
Price, health-related quality and comfort of running shoes: no trace of connection. (15/10/2007)
Interventions for more physical activity in children and adolescents: Simple educational measures are of no use (10.10.2007)
"Rama half-length!" Or "Did you put rotten fish waste on your bread this morning?" - Omega 3 fatty acids (6.8.2007)
UK: An Obesity Overview of Overweight / Obesity Prevention, Identification, Assessment and Management. (7/22/2007)
About wasting time and money in anti-obesity programs known to be ineffective - The effort of effective programs (07/14/2007)
Findings from cancer research on the risks of active and passive smoking - also important after September 1st, 2007! (13.7.2007)
Interventions against Obesity in Childhood: The Fight Against the Power of Habit (07/10/2007)
Mobile to immobile - do long flight times increase the risk of thrombosis? Results of a WHO report (July 3, 2007)
"Whole grains against heart attacks !?" - Studies show a bit of evidence and leave a lot of flaws and doubts (June 29, 2007)
"Expensive, mostly superfluous - and still bought" - Fear of healthy people of cholesterol versus responsible consumers (June 28, 2007)
Health behavior of freshmen: even among medical students there are hardly any role models (May 30, 2007)
Beware of trivializing everyday drugs - "Drug and Addiction Report 2007" (May 22, 2007)
Alcohol consumption in 30 OECD countries: the more liberal the legal regulations, the more people drink (April 30, 2007)
Controlling Adolescent Alcohol Consumption: Higher Taxes or Raising the Minimum Age? (28.4.2007)
Scientists agree: alcohol and tobacco are more harmful than cannabis (23.3.2007)
Survey on breakfast habits: younger people have no time for their first meal (March 21, 2007)
Smoking cessation: Even brief exercise helps to overcome the craving for nicotine (14.3.2007)
Snuff and chewing tobacco are not "healthy" or harmless variants of smoking. (02/14/2007)
Shocking photos on cigarette packs are more likely to be perceived by smokers (9.2.2007)
Study commissioned by the BMG complains about too many "tobacco smoke incidents" in film and television (16.1.2007)
Snacking on a bit of health with red wine and coffee, walnut and olive oil (4.1.2007)
Reducing cigarette consumption has no health benefit (11/29/2006)
Those who quit smoking are less at risk of alcohol (11/24/2006)
Healthy nutrition and a healthy lifestyle are two different things (01/20/2006)
Diet high in fiber is no guarantee against colon cancer (19.1.2006)
New special issue on health reporting: "Physical activity" (28.8.2005)
Economic Consequences of Smoking in the USA (July 26, 2005)

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Health behavior (smoking, diet, sport, etc.)

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Unequal physical performance in old age due to various disadvantages in previous life

Unequal physical performance in older people of various racial, ethnic or regional origins largely depends on health and socio-economic disadvantages at a very young age and in later adult life. This is the conclusion reached by an examination of the data of 14,564 people who have participated in the "Health and Retirement Study (HRS)", which is representative for the USA, since 1947.

Its participants include whites, blacks, and "Hispanics" born in the United States as well as in other countries. For most of the participants, physical performance was determined by measuring the speed at which people exhale, as well as the firmness of the handshake and the speed at which they walk. In addition to subjective well-being, physical performance is one of the most important influencing factors on the self-perceived state of health of older people. After all, a poor physical condition plays a significant role in the development of disabilities and their further development. A number of socio-economic characteristics (e.g. education, income, previous employment) and indicators of health behavior (e.g. smoking behavior, weight) were also recorded for each person. Particular attention was paid to the survey of the socio-economic and health situation from childhood to adulthood.

The complex statistical analysis of the data provided significant evidence for three socially relevant issues:

• In the USA, there are large inequalities in physical performance among people who are racially, ethnically and country of birth at an advanced age. The results are not only paradoxical at first glance: For example, the "Hispanics", who predominantly work in physically demanding jobs, have a weaker handshake than their white compatriots, who do office jobs far more often.
• The health situation and material disadvantages in childhood and the resulting health in adulthood as well as the further socio-economic situation turn out to be significant predictors of inequalities in physical performance and play an important role in the development of these inequalities. However, the study also provides indications that health and socio-economic disadvantages in childhood can be weakened by objective and subjective conditions in adulthood and thus their negative effects.
• Even if the unequal physical performance of older people with different skin colors and different countries of origin is only partly due to age and instead is determined by previous life, these are not constant relationships. Instead, the authors of the study recommend a variety of interventions based on the evidence for positive effects both in childhood and in adulthood, aimed at reducing social disadvantages and reversing a "downward spiral".

From the study "Race / ethnic and nativity disparities in later life physical performance: the role of health and socioeconomic status over the life course." von Haas, S.A., Krueger, P.M. and Rohlfsen, L. published in "The Journals of Gerontology" (2012; Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67 (2): 238-248), only the abstract is available free of charge.

Bernard Braun, June 11, 2012