Who crowned the King of England

Biographia Cisterciensis

Baldwin of Exeter
Statue on the outside wall of Canterbury Cathedral
Photo: Ealdgyth, cc-by-sa-3.0

Baldwin from Ford

Baldwin of Exeter, Baldwin of Canterbury, engl. Baldwin of Ford, French Baudouin de Forde

Spiritual writer, Abbot of Forde, Bishop of Worcester, Archbishop of Canterbury, Crusader

* at 1125 Exeter
† November 19, 1190 in front of Acre

Baldwin was the son of an archdeacon. He studied canonics and theology in Bologna. During his student days he was also the tutor of Pope Eugen III's nephew. On his return to England he entered the service of the Bishop of Exeter. Around 1161 he succeeded his father as archdeacon of Totnes. Around 1170 Baldwin entered the Cistercian Abbey of Forde in Devonshire, which he led as abbot from 1173 to 1180. He was Bishop of Worcester from 1180 to 1185. At the request of King Henry II, he became Archbishop of Canterbury in 1184, which he remained until his death in 1190.

Baldwin promoted the veneration of his predecessor, St. Archbishop Thomas Becket. Because of his rigorous attempts at reform, he got into a violent dispute with the monks of the Christ Church-Priorates of Canterbury Cathedral. As a papal legate in Wales, Baldwin made a visitation in 1187 and preached the Crusade in 1188. As a primate of England, Baldwin crowned Richard the Lionheart as the new king in 1189. In April 1190, Baldwin went to the Holy Land as the leader of an English vanguard as part of the third crusade. In June 1190 he found himself outside Akko, which was besieged by the Crusaders. In the dispute over the royal dignity of Jerusalem, he resolutely stood up for Guido von Lusignan against Konrad von Montferrat. He died during the siege of Akko.

Several writings of monastic theology by Baldwin have survived from his monastic years. His treatise “De sacramento altaris” is marked by a strong Eucharistic piety. Sermo 15 with the title “De vita coenobitica seu communi” is considered to be one of the “theologically deepest writings of the Middle Ages on community life” (Schellenberger, B., A song that only teaches love, Freiburg 1981, 25).

The Menologium Cistertiense (1630) by Chrysostomus Henriquez describes Baldwin von Ford as a blessed. Nothing has been handed down from an official beatification of Baldwin.

Pius Maurer, Nov. 2010


Works:

De commendatione fidei, in: Bell, D. N. (CCCM 99, Turnhout 1991) 343-458 · Liber de sectis hereticorum et orthodoxe fidei dogmata, in: Narvaja, J. L. (Rarissima mediaevalia 2, Münster 2008) Sermones diversi 1–22, in: Bell, D. N. (CCCM 99, Turnhout 1991) 1-339 · Tractatus de sacramento altaris, in: Morson, J. (SC 93-94, Paris 1963), see PL 204, 641-774.

Literature:

Bell, D. N .: The Ascetic Spirituality of Baldwin of Ford, in: Citeaux 31 (1980) 227-250. Bell, D. N .: The Corpus of the Works of Baldwin of Ford, in: Cîteaux 35 (1984) 215-234 · Bell, D. N., Introduction in: Baldwin of Ford. Spiritual Tractates 1 (Cistercian Fathers 39; Kalamazoo 1986) 9-18 · Knowles, David / London, Vera C. M. / Brooke, Christopher, The Heads of Religious Houses, England and Wales, 940-1216 (Cambridge 22001) · Morson, J .: Baudouin de Ford, in: Dictionnaire des Auteurs Cisterciens 1 (Rochefort 1975) 90-92 · Tyerman, Christopher: England and the Crusades, 1095-1588 (Chicago 1988).

Recommended citation: Pius Maurer:Baldwin from Ford, in: Biographia Cisterciensis (Cistercian Biography), version from October 17, 2019, URL: http://www.zisterzienserlexikon.de/wiki/Balduin_von_Ford

Original: Page.name: BALDUIN von Ford († 1190) - Biographia Cisterciensis