What is the minimum type of concrete
How to check the quality of the foundation after pouring. How do you assess the condition of an old house when buying it?
First of all, the foundation is not just the underground part and base of the house, it acts as a transition element between the uneven surface of the floor and the flat plane of the house box. The quality of the built house directly depends on the quality of this structure. If the foundation is poorly built, without paying attention to the technology, the house can collapse at any time, as all loads from all other parts of the structure, such as B. floors and walls, are transmitted through this structure. That is why it is so important to know how to determine the quality of the foundation of a house.
Features of the device of a high quality foundation
The load on the foundation corresponds to the load on the ground. It's good to have a large slab of granite under your house that has been unshakable for a million years. In practice, however, this is absolutely not the case! Therefore, before starting the construction of a country house, it is necessary to find out in more detail what type of soil is in a particular area and what characteristics it is characterized by.
When laying the foundation stone, you cannot do without preparatory work and surveying work (at least in minimal quantities). Such research will help you understand whether the ground is stable, whether there is a distortion or landslide of the foundation, whether there is a ground floor flood during the spring floods. In general, remember that you can conquer the great outdoors and place a house in a place that you like. The main thing is to know what to do in this or that case.
It is quite good if the foundation is laid on a mound of stones of natural origin: in this case, the reliability of the foundation under the house is not a concern, and there is also no non-lifting cost of the foundation. The most reliable are sandy homogeneous soils, which are composed of coarse sand. With a correctly installed foundation, there will be even deposition in the ground, and as a rule, the foundation will not warp in the future and will not be heavily loaded by the ground.
Clay soils, dusty and fine-grained sands only show an approximate behavior in dry weather. With a large amount of moisture, they become liquid, and in the cold winter period, swelling occurs, and because of this, they press the foundation structure with enormous force. This suggests that the structure may be crooked and cracks may appear on the walls. To prevent this from happening, you need to take special measures, that is, deepen the base of the foundation below the freezing point of the soil.
The worst option is a peat base, which can also be found in our region. It is clear that only a madman who does not value the life of his loved ones and his own can give peat a capital structure. And yet, when you come across such an unfortunate spot, you have to remove all of the peat and fill the pit with sand to make a cushion of sand.
Another important factor affecting the quality and structure of the foundation is the design of the house itself. You don't need to be a master in housing construction to understand: relatively simple frame house or heavy brick house, of course, require a different approach to laying the foundation stone. In the case of large financial resources, you can build a huge reinforced concrete slab for a light structure, but the question of reasonable economy will not leave anyone indifferent.
Foundation building technologies
Before characterizing the technology of the foundations, an option such as driving mighty piles to a great depth must be discarded because this method is only nice when building skyscrapers. In private residential construction, the business does not achieve such radical construction methods. The most common structures are strip, column and plate foundations.
In the case of complex lifting and filling floors, a monolithic reinforced concrete slab often has to be placed under the structure. The reliability of the foundation with this structure will increase, since it will take an incredible effort to move such a foundation. But of course a reinforced concrete slab needs a lot of material.
If the slab is very thick, then slab foundation, in some cases, it is even cheaper than duct tape. But if the slab foundation is countersunk in addition to everything else, in addition to a large amount of concrete, you will also have to bring in a lot of rubble and sand to build a cushion.
There are many risks associated with the construction of buildings and structures, which unfortunately cannot always be identified early on, and some remain completely hidden from the eyes of the customer or the owner of the building. Quality is a key issue on every construction site.
Modern building trends aim to achieve maximum savings and efficiency or the ratio of these indicators. However, more expensive material is not always of better quality. As practice shows, the best price-performance ratio is found in middle-class building materials.
Colors are one of the types of building materials. and find out how to choose them.
If you have any doubts about the quality of a building or structure built for you, you can turn to specialist offices who will carry out a comprehensive examination of your building for the correctness of the structure, assessment of durability, etc.
These expert companies offer the following services, among others:
- determination of the quality of construction work;
- identification of deviations from technical documents, projects and plans of a real structure;
- detection of deficiencies in the inspection of the construction object;
- Identify and compile a clear list and algorithm for special measures to remedy deficiencies in the facility;
- deriving the cost of eliminating defects in the facility, taking into account the cost of materials, energy resources and direct labor.
It's worth noting that a general expert rating of a built home can only give a high-level picture of the condition of your home ownership. In order to thoroughly examine your fort for any shortcomings, it is necessary to conduct closer investigations with the help of the same specialist departments of construction companies or independent specialists, many of whom do their services in total, for help in settled land.
The so-called narrow profile tests should include the following:
- assessment of the quality of construction and repair work on the premises. At the same time, the internal part of residential real estate is checked and not the external part as in the general assessment;
- study of the quality of the assembly of building modules and structures. This paragraph implies the accuracy of the placement of false floor panels and other massive parts of the "body" of the building.
- comprehensive inspection of coatings that have been covered or painted by paint. Very often unscrupulous builders hide flaws behind paint or varnish, which should not be, and their manifestation can be delayed indefinitely. For this reason, the assessment of paint and varnish coatings is one of the most important criteria when drawing up an appraisal for the construction of a house.
- Expert evaluation of floors and floor coverings. First of all, the floor surface is checked for irregularities, which can subsequently affect not only the durability of the coating, but also the overall stability and durability of the building of a residential building.
- inspection of welding works and quality of metal structures. This is also a very important parameter, especially if there is a lot of metal frame in your home project.
- identification of installation errors of structures from a monolith.
In general, it is very difficult to determine the quality of house construction on your own without the necessary tools and qualifications. An ignorant person can only spot gross violations and shortcomings, but may not be able to spot the hidden threats that may arise after a while. For this reason, specially trained specialists must be called in for the expert assessment, who carry out a full inspection of a newly constructed residential building.
How to Check the Quality of a Frame House Video
Sometimes a situation arises where all you need to do is check the foundation. This question is very responsible and important. After all, it depends on the accuracy of the assessment whether you will have problems in the future or whether they will be minimized.
The first thing to do is visual inspection... The presence of cracks in the walls, in the floor or some incomprehensible deviations indicate that the base of the house is damaged. Currents on the walls of the basement or salt deposits on the walls of the foundation indicate a broken seal or its lack. And problems are inevitable.
If a cursory examination did not produce any results, Check concrete for compression... A specialist with a Schmidt hammer is invited for this purpose. He can determine the compression ratio.
Check next size of the foundation section: The stiffer the foundation and less able to bend due to various uneven loads, the larger its monolithic reinforced concrete part. The footprint is also worth considering. More area - less ground pressure.
Next level - decide on the quality of the materials used to build the foundation. It should be noted that the minimum type of concrete for the foundation is 200, and preferably 400.If foam concrete was used, then for foam concrete of class 600 the thickness of the walls should be at least 45 cm, for foam concrete of class 800 at least 68 cm, and for class 1000 at least 94 cm.It is worth checking the waterproofing, since the foundation without it Waterproofing absorbs moisture from the soil and this has consequences.
Optionally, let the foundation hibernate. In this case, all the shortcomings appear: both the lifting of the soil and the foundation itself are manifested in the freeze-thaw cycle.
When the foundation is columnar, then you cannot define anything yourself. By the way, here you have to call specialists for an examination, here it is possible to conduct research in parallel:
The purpose of a professional home inspection is to check foundations, frames, fittings and mechanical systems for defects, breakage or material wear and tear, as well as damage from adverse weather conditions such as decay. Regular home inspections can help you determine what needs to be fixed to avoid serious future problems.
The home inspection consists of monitoring water, security, heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems. The main task to ensure site security is, for example, to divert gutters away from the building. The next step is to inspect the tracks. You need to make sure there are no cracks in it and you can walk on it without risk of injury.
If you decide to buy a ready-made house, the first thing you need to pay attention to is the verification of the foundation. Practice shows that this is the main structural element on which the durability of the house depends. Most of the "wounds" in the future, such as the appearance of cracks, high humidity and water ingress, increased wear of the structure and finish, are precisely manifested due to a poorly built foundation.
First, examine the half-ducts and basements for water penetration into the cracks in the foundation under the walls. If water seeps through the underground walls, it indicates a drainage problem outside the home. Check the foundation and retaining walls at a height of 1.2 m. If, due to excessive pressure, you notice bends or slopes, it is better to refuse to buy such a cottage, as these deformations can lead to the collapse of the walls.
Microcracks in concrete can be cosmetic (caused by lowering the foundation) but should still be checked. V-shaped cracks (tapering downwards) or cracks the length of the wall are most likely caused by uneven subsidence of the floor and will only get worse over time. If the soils in the ground are cracked or rising, this indicates a rise in the water table. In this case, you need to replace the drain pipes to avoid the consequences.
Drainage and drainage system
If your home has a pump to pump out the groundwater, there may be a drainage problem. Check the perimeter foundation for potholes and exposed areas of erosion to indicate that the flow of water into the area exceeds the flow of water the soil can hold. A drainage system is required if the soil moisture is high.
The drain must be at least three meters from the building foundation. For this purpose, the pipes of the drainage system are lengthened with drainage blocks or drainage pipes. The system should be directed away from the house. Calculate a water drainage of 6 inches per 6 feet. Poor drainage can create hydrostatic pressure near the walls, which can cause the basement walls to bulge or carry away water and weaken the foundation of the house.
Use a screwdriver or awl to check for rot and decay through the frame of the house. Rotting can be caused by mold or termite pests. Check the area for termite infestation. Termites leave certain footprints on the ground - little funnels made of mud. Termites also lose their legs easily, so having a bunch of legs nearby is another clue to you.
Check the exterior walls for structural integrity, solid fixings, and signs of deterioration and moisture. See functional drainage holes in brick and brick siding. Examine the cracks in the plaster to see if the plywood shell behind is bulging. Remember that cracks in plaster of paris of any size allow moisture to penetrate. To check the outer insulation, use a moisture meter to see if there is moisture behind it.
Review of the facade
The exterior of a home can reveal many potential problems you will face.
Perhaps the tree will cast a large shadow over the house, which will allow mold and rot to form on the walls. Trees and bushes that have grown near the hut can lead to an invasion of pests. It is therefore advisable to remove them.
Signs of swelling or tilting of the outer walls indicate a problem with the fasteners. They can deform when water penetrates the wall and reacts with wood.
Tightness of connections
Take a pickaxe or awl and carefully fold back the door and window panels. Check the condition of the soft wood if the paint is peeling. Make sure there are drains at the top and around the windows to drain water.
Check the doors for natural wear and tear and wood decay. All wood-clad houses are prone to rot, deformation, delamination, peeling paint, and poor insulation. Usually, the problem is solved by replacing the old insulation with a new high-quality sealant.
Be sure to check all the main elements of the roof.
You will need a ladder and binoculars to inspect the roof area. This will help you find missing or damaged tiles and clogged drains. Check the insulation of all roof openings for wear. Check the roof for curved, bulging, or undulating spots as this indicates a problem with the frame.
Check the chimney for cracks and see if smoke comes through the seams. A deformed or faded rain canopy, flakes of creosote on the roof and floor, and damaged roofs indicate a dangerous amount of creosote in the chimney.
Check gutters and pipes for leaks or cracks. Make sure they are free of leaves or other debris that could hinder drainage. The gutters' covers protect them from clogging with dirt - completely free of charge.
Check that the outside track is intact, secure, and checked for signs of rot or water ingress. Are the veneer drain holes clogged and are the masonry? Look for cracks in the plaster - moisture can penetrate as the wood expands. Go over the exterior thermal insulation system with a moisture meter to look for invisible areas behind the wall surface.
Check the surfaces of all doors and windows for water problems. Explore the basement, fireplace, and attic. A stuck inner door is a possible sign of foundation movement caused by water pressure. If the walls or ceiling have been exposed to water, they can deform.
Water can also damage the structure of plastered walls. If the walls in the house are clad in wood, check to see if they are bent or warped as this is likely an indication of moisture behind the wall.
The attic must be adequately ventilated. In the attic, moisture from the bathroom and roof drains collects. In this case, the source must be found and eliminated immediately. In the bathroom, check for moisture buildup on the ceiling behind the shower wall. Check the tiles with a moisture meter.
Gluing nails can cause problems with the wall frame. Check your basement frame for bent, warped, or rotten fasteners that could cause the floor to sag. The floor can also sag from an unstable or rotted support beam.
Diagnose the ceiling for protruding nails, cracks, or sagging. This indicates serious design problems. Note that sagging ceilings can also distort adjacent walls.
Check all smoke alarms. Use a 3-pin electric meter to test the outlets. All sockets must be operated in the range of 220 volts. Wiring problems can cause electric shock.
Incorrect wiring can create sparks, ignite, or cause a power outage or outage. Causes of low electrical power: short wiring length for a specific load, circuit that is too long or increased conductor resistance at high temperatures.
Check all water lines for corrosion and insulation integrity. When you buy an old house, there may be lead pipes in it, which is dangerous to health. Lean the magnet against a metal tube. If magnetization occurs, the pipe is made of galvanized steel. If not, it is most likely made of lead.
Gas service technicians often check pipes and valves for gas leaks using a special instrument, which you can also purchase at a hardware store.
Heating and ventilation systems do not need to be checked for safety and water content. However, you should keep track of how effectively they work.In older systems, the inspector would most likely open the furnace and inspect the flame and other parts of the furnace.
However, new heating systems cannot be tested this way as they can run on electricity, gas or gasoline. They can heat air, water, generate steam or simply act as heat reflectors. If you are not very familiar with the structure of your heating system, it is best to contact a specialist to check it.
How do I find heat leaks from home?
If air leaks through wall panels, wood panels, flooring, or ventilation and heating systems, it means you are throwing your money out the window. In cold weather, warm air rises to the attic. This air leaves the living space in the attic and you pay for the heating of this air.
Cold air also enters from the basement through cracks and crevices in the house around doors and windows. Thoroughly inspect your home for leaks. However, be prepared that it will not be that easy to find behind the insulation.
The most problematic areas are: roof doors, pipe valves, wire holes, hanging chandeliers, and ceilings.
Light a candle
The easiest way to check if air is leaking is to light a candle. On a cool, windy day, close all doors and windows and turn off the heat. Turn on continuously to cause leaks. Light a candle and run it around the perimeter of doors and windows. Watch the movement of the flame for leakage.
Check the temperature
If the temperature differs by a degree or two in different parts of the room, the house is likely not adequately insulated. If the difference persists, the building may have problems with airflow in the ventilation systems.
Some areas of the hut are the least protected. Check the temperature around the flame tube or ventilation ducts. Next, you should check the air vents, radiator screens, cracks under the baseboards, and the threshold.
Outside, check the bottom edges of the siding at the base for leaks, as well as garage floors and wall joints, then check the holes that allow the power cord to go into the house, feed gas, and plug in the air conditioning.
Be sure to check the basement, all doors and windows.
Invest in a DIY infrared thermometer for home diagnostics. For a few thousand rubles, you can get a device that will detect heat loss from doors and windows, holes in insulation, ventilation systems and other areas.
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Comprehensive tour of a country house before buying
Are you planning to buy a house and don't want to buy a pig in a poke? Order a viewing of the holiday home with the company "Professional Real Estate Acceptance".
What are the benefits of having a pre-purchase home inspection service?
The home survey gives you comprehensive information about the technical condition of the building, all its elements and technical structures.
Check the gutter
Check sockets and
Thermal inspection of windows,
Foundation test, girder evaluation
As a result of the house's building expertise, you will have the opportunity:
- draw informed conclusions about the appropriateness of the purchase;
- refuse to buy real estate with significant defects that preclude the possibility of safe operation;
- agree with the owner to reduce the cost of the object on the basis of the data of construction competence;
- avoid high home renovation costs and lengthy and costly litigation with the seller.
The procedure for conducting a construction inspection of a house
Experts carry out a comprehensive inspection of the building, all load-bearing and enclosing structures as well as the technical communication.
As part of the building expertise of a country house before buying, we have:
- we examine the foundation of the object and determine its suitability for further exploitation;
- we check the integrity of the supporting structures.
- we examine the windows and doors of the hut for defects.
- we check the integrity of the roof and drainage system.
- we determine the functionality of the water supply, sewerage, electrics and ventilation systems.
- we conduct a thermal imaging study of the house to identify hidden defects in the building and check the heating system.
- we check the quality of the final theses.
- we check the level of electromagnetic radiation.
- we check the level of radioactive radiation.
- we carry out a water test according to 6 parameters.
- we draw up a list of all defects with recommendations for remedying them;
- we give an approximate estimate of the cost of eliminating the identified comments.
The presence of significant defects in the foundation can lead to the destruction of the entire structure and unsuitability of the house for further use. To get rid of the flaws in the foundation, in most cases, it requires complex and expensive work, and in some cases it is almost impossible to fix.
As part of a building expertise when buying a house, specialists discover the consequences of project errors, breaches of basic technology and unprofessional construction work.
The house inspection shows an incorrect determination of the foundation depth, the distribution of the building mass and calculation errors in the load-bearing capacity, decrease in strength due to the use of poor quality materials.
During the construction inspection of the enclosing and load-bearing structures of the house, our employees repair cracks on walls and ceilings and the displacement of construction elements. Such work makes it possible to find drawbacks that can lead to a decrease in the stability and stability of structures, the operational characteristics of the building.
When examining windows and doors when reviewing a house before buying, we pay attention to the quality of the installation and materials used, the integrity of the structures, the performance of the fittings and the tightness of the glass unit. This makes it possible to identify such drawbacks as moisture condensation, freezing, bubbles, drafts, distortions and the appearance of a squeak.
The comfort of a private house, and even its suitability for normal use, largely depends on the quality of technical systems. When examining a house before buying, specialists determine the technical condition of the device, its reliability and safety, identify emergency areas and places with leaks.
Thermal imaging is the most effective non-destructive method of detecting hidden imperfections in an object. With the help of special devices, we check the quality of the thermal insulation, detect cold bridges, areas with moisture condensation, roof leaks, etc. You will learn about all the defects that can lead to poor thermal insulation, the destruction of building structures, mold formation and increased heating costs at home.
Based on the results of the inspection of the house before buying, the specialist will prepare a report listing all the defects found. In addition, you will receive recommendations for eliminating the deficiencies found, as well as an approximate estimate of the cost of the work required
At the customer's request, we will provide the seller with arguments to reduce the value of the property.
Time and cost of building a house before buying it
The comprehensive examination includes a tour of the hut and oral advice. Based on the results of the house's building expertise, you will get:
- incorrect statement;
- full consultation with recommendations to remedy the deficiencies identified;
- an approximate estimate of the cost of remedying the deficiencies found.
This task only takes 2-4 hours. The cost of service for houses with an area of no more than 200 m² is 10,000 rubles.
House inspection work completed
Country house 244 m2 the. Tabolovo
Country house 370 m2 village. Yurlovo
Country house 542 m2
Country house 210 m2 DNT Veteran
Specialists carry out inspection and control measurements on various indicators of the condition of the load-bearing and enclosing structures and technical communication. To inspect the house, professional equipment of imported production is used:
laser aircraft builder
digital performance tester
professional thermal imaging camera
electromagnetic radiation indicator
To clarify the cost and to order a construction study of a country house before buying, you can use a special form on the website or by phone:
What to Look For When Buying a New Home. Step-by-step instructions
In a previous post, we talked about what to see if you are looking to buy a used country house - that is, an object that has withstood the test of time and at the same time has not collapsed. Buying an "unfinished" building, a new dacha or a completely fresh house where no one lived has its own characteristics.
Do you want to buy a dacha, a house in the Leningrad region? See offers in our photo catalog of houses for sale. Are you planning to buy a piece of land and build it yourself? Check out the photo catalog of plots for private building.
So what to look for when buying a new home.If it's a turnkey house that sparkles with novelty, smells of fresh paint and wood, is prepared for sale, and presented in a marketable condition, you won't find any cracks in the foundation or roof leaks upon inspection. Such problems may not appear immediately, but after several years of operation. Therefore, we will carefully evaluate the quality of the construction.
We need documentation: when you need a project
To complete a transaction, you need a cadastral passport or an extract from the cadastral register ordered by the seller. It is clear that all documents offered by the seller must be carefully examined. Common problems are lack of already constructed buildings and the inconsistency of the boundaries of the land in cadastre to what it really is. However, we discussed these issues in one of our previous publications.
Now to the project documentation. Of course, if it comes to the dacha in the garden, then most likely it won't. However, if the topic of your interest is a decent IZhS house with communication and architectural "excesses" then the lack of a project turns the purchase into a "pig in a poke" purchase.
If the seller (developer, private developer) can present you with a house project, all of your property inspection-related tasks will be simplified. In addition, the project documentation in this case does not consist of a series of pictures with floor plans and a schematic picture of the facades, as many believe, but an extensive album with drawings, tables of estimates and explanations.
It is clear that not all of us can read the drawings and find errors in the calculations. This is not necessary in the first phase. It is important that we make sure we are dealing with contractors who have built according to the project and recorded any changes. For example, if the house is already assembled technical systems, you need to receive a contract package with subcontractors and suppliers, which will indicate the third party warranty obligations.
Accuracy comes first
If the documentation is neat (and unfortunately it is not always the case) then you can move on. Now it is our job to evaluate the actual quality of the project implementation. For this reason, we start a tour of the house with one building level, checking the verticality of the walls and partitions, the horizontality of the floors and window sills. We open and close all the windows and doors and at the same time check (even with a level) that they are installed without distortion.
What will the deviations found report on? No, not about the "walking" foundation (as some readers probably thought), but about the culture of construction. In fact, where there are visible traces of floppy work by builders, there is also a high likelihood of fatal hidden defects.
Timber frame house: basic nuances
The best time to buy a new wooden or frame house is not the turnkey readiness phase, but the time when the internal work is not completed and you can see the state of the building structures.
With unprotected window openings devoid of wall cladding and foundations on screw piles not covered by basement slabs, you can assess what materials were used and how they worked with them.
A decisive refusal to loosen a few screws and remove a sheet of plasterboard in a frame house without finishing, letting you into the attic (on the grounds that there is no way out) or looking into the space under the floor to let should alert you. This may indicate that the seller has something to hide.
Stone house: features of choice
With stone houses (which now include buildings made of bricks, porous ceramics, or aerated concrete blocks) the situation is more complicated. There are two types of real estate in this segment, the purchase of which involves minimal construction risks.
The first is when the house has already weathered several winters, settled down, but not cracked. The second - when the construction was carried out starting from the preparation of the territory in strict accordance with project documentation and under the supervision of a demanding client.
At the same time, a completely new and ready-to-move stone house that has not survived a single winter is always a pig in a sack.
The main problem here is that defects that turn a brand new house into a crumbling "illiquid" one (e.g. lack of reinforcement when talking about a house made of aerated concrete, foam blocks) do not appear immediately, but after several years of operation.
We start the inspection from the foundation
When it comes to a completely fresh building, special attention when looking at it, we need to pay attention to the foundation and basement. However, if it is already imminent at the time of sale, we cannot assess the condition of the foundation.
Therefore, first of all, we should not be interested in the foundation itself, but in what is around it - especially the presence and efficiency of drainage systems ... if the house has a basement, then you should take care of that too. Traces of leaks on the walls, excess moisture and mold odors indicate imperfections - they can already appear in a new house.
To assess the quality of the foundation preparation, as well as the water table (and this is the main enemy of stone houses), you can use a garden drill to make a control hole about a meter deep. When it fills with water, things are really bad. After making a hole directly on the foundation, we will see if there is a sand cushion underneath.
If you are buying a three-story brick house, not a compact house made of aerated concrete blocks, then it is advisable to involve independent specialists in assessing the condition of the building structures. There are many nuances here, and the price of imperfections, which can lead to sad consequences, is disproportionately high.
We go higher
It is no coincidence that we have spent so much time researching the problems associated with foundations. The chains of deadly construction defects usually begin with the preparation of the building base. Marriage in the roof and wall construction stage is of course also uncomfortable, but not as critical as “fundamental” mistakes.
The best way to check the quality of the thermal insulation of walls and roofs is to do a thermal imaging study. However, it can only be carried out in winter when the house is heated and the outside temperatures are below zero.
We go up to the attic. The main things to alert you in a finished attic or attic is excess moisture, musty air, and structures that feel wet under the covers. All of this can also manifest itself in a new house (but usually at the beginning of the heating season) and indicates problems with ventilation of the under-roof space.
So that's enough for the first time.
Is it possible to buy a new country house that has been built using the now widespread “We Build Our Own” method and the seller is unwilling to provide you with design and technical documentation? Yes - only if the title documents are in perfect order and you really like the house itself, the location and the surroundings. But you need not only to examine the object, examine the basements, dig holes in the area, look in the well and septic tank.
We need to dig deeper into the history of the property - at least ask your potential neighbors how long it took to build the house. After all, one of the biggest problems in this segment of suburban real estate is encountering long-term construction that is hastily brought into a marketable condition.
It's not just about the fact that nobody can ask about quality in such a construction. The climate in our region is humid, wood that is not protected from the effects of atmospheric precipitation is exposed to fungal infections, and repeated freeze-thaw cycles destroy both brick and concrete. In the house box, which had stood for several years without moisture protection, irreversible processes of destruction could begin.
If you are planning to purchase an unfinished building that has been outdoors for more than a season, you cannot do without the advice of independent construction specialists.
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