How does philosophy define love
Philosophy love What does philosophy say about love? If I were to go into this in more detail, it would take hours. I would like to restrict myself essentially to Plato and the Greek philosophers who described various forms of love. Love is something that distinguishes people in a special way. The philosopher wants to understand what it is like to be human, what life is like, what the world is like and what an ethical life looks like. These are all questions of philosophy. So philosophy deals with love.
Types of love in Plato's philosophy
Plato distinguished three main forms of love. These forms are: Eros, Philia and Agape.
- 1. Eros is erotic love.
- 2. Philia is friendly love.
- 3. Agape is unselfish love.
These three types of love differ as follows
Eros, erotic love, is sensual love for Plato. It includes not only sexual attraction, but also attraction, emotional attraction, emotions, etc. For Plato, even homosexual love was considered the more important erotic love. This erotic sensual love is eros and plays an important role in Plato's philosophy, although he saw agape as a higher form of love.
2. Philia, the friendly love
This form plays a certain role in Plato's philosophy. It is amicable love. People are friends with each other and therefore love each other. The advantage of friendly love is that it is variable. You can be closer to your friend, you can sometimes see him less often or maybe not at all for a longer period of time. It is often the case with friends that you don't see each other for years and when you meet again you feel the same as before. This typically does not work in erotic love. You can have closer amicable love or less amicable love.
Aristotle also distinguishes between various amicable loves. This includes the friendship, the love of pleasure and the love of virtue.
Types of Philia
These three types of Philia as philosophical love, which are divided as follows.
- 1. The love of pleasure for a friend
You like your boyfriend because it's nice to hang out with. Perhaps it is nice to do something with this friend, to do sports, etc. That is the love of pleasure.
The love of utility or friendship, for example, describes the business partner as a friend. People can become friends in this way. Here the mutual benefit is in the foreground and this is the basis of this love. I myself come from a business family. My father had friendly relationships with some of his clients, with the tax advisor, with the lawyer, whereby the relationship was not corrupt, but rather people who come together, like each other, even if the original idea of mutual benefit is given.
This friendship is made because you want to be with the other, because you love the person because of his character, because you help each other in his personal and spiritual development. You can make the other person aware that he is not doing something right and encourage him to develop further in his virtue. From the yoga philosophy, virtue friendship encompasses spiritual friendship, where one likes a person, as this supports him in advancing his spiritual and personal development. This is also called gurubei.
Agape is the highest form of love in philosophy. In church Latin it says: agape, the Greeks said: agape. There are differences in pronunciation, with a long “E” or a short “E”, the accentuation is different here. It describes the highest form of love, unselfish love.
Subforms of agape There are further subforms of agape:
- The love of God: God is simply loved and worshiped.
- Merciful love: love, help and serve someone.
- The love of one's enemy: One loves one, although he does one badly.
With this form of love, you don't want anything from someone else. You just want to help and serve. This is the overflowing love. In this sense, these were forms of Greek philosophical love, especially those of Plato and Aristotle. There is much more to be said on this subject. You can find more information about every single form of Philosophical Love on the Internet.
Video philosophy love
You can find a lecture video on the topic here Philosophy love :
Author / speaker: Sukadev Bretz, seminar leader on the topics of yoga and meditation.
Philosophy love audio lecture
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Other interesting lectures and articles on the topic
If you are interested in philosophy love, you might be interested in lectures and articles on the fields of Philosopher, Peacock Meaning, Personality Development, Philosophy System, Phonetic Transcription, Platonic.
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