What did John Adams do

45 US presidents in 45 days

On November 3rd, the Americans elect a new president. An office that has seen many holders in its history - each with their own way of life and quirks. Until the day before the election, take a glimpse at one of the predecessors of the candidates Donald Trump and Joe Biden with the question: Did you know?

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Donald John Trump (2017 - present)

... whose political party affiliation has changed several times over the years. In 1987 he was registered as a Republican. In 1999 he moved to the Independence Party and in 2001 to the Democrats. He joined the Republicans again in 2009, but left the party again in 2011 and refused to attend any party until he rejoined the Republicans in 2012. In 2016 he won the election for US President as a Republican.


Barack Hussein Obama (2009-2017)

... was not only the first African American president in history, but also the first African American president of the Harvard Law Review. During his childhood, Obama lived in Indonesia with his mother and stepfather, among other places. There he was confronted with severe poverty. Most of all, he remembers friendship with people who lived on the streets.


George Walker Bush (2001-2009)

In addition to his politics, ... is best known for his numerous rhetorical slip-ups. Less known: He is fluent in Spanish. In the days after September 11, 2001, Bush Jr. also became the first incumbent in regular presidential popularity polls to achieve a 90% approval rating. Its popularity declined significantly in the following two years, but rose again at the beginning of the Iraq war in 2003 to an approval rate of 72%.


William (Bill) Jefferson Clinton (1993-2001)

... was elected to the second term in office despite the scandals. He did that by telling Americans that his goals as president are more important than the mistakes he's made as a private person. Personal behavior should not be taken into account for public office. This made him the first Democratic president to rule two terms since Roosevelt.


George Herbert Walker Bush (1989-1993)

... didn't have much success in politics. He lost the 1992 election to Bill Clinton and the 1980 Republican presidential nomination to Ronald Reagan. He lost his candidacy for a seat in the US Senate in 1964. Before Bush was nominated as Reagan's vice-president, he actually held mostly lower-level political offices before moving to the executive branch in 1981, after he and Reagan were swept into office was sworn in.


Ronald Wilson Reagan (1981-1989)

... was the first president to be divorced before his election. He married Jane Wyman in the 1940s. They divorced in 1948. In 1952 he married Nancy Davis. Donald Trump is the second president to go through a divorce before taking office.


Jimmy Carter (1977-1981)

... is the oldest former president who attended the swearing-in of a new president (at 92 in 2017). Unsurprisingly, at 96 years old, he is also the oldest former US president. At 56, he returned to his hometown in Georgia after his presidency from Washington; he still lives there in modest circumstances with his wife Rosalynn. Both were also personal friends of and were in regular, close contact with Elvis Presley - from a first meeting in 1973 until the musician's death in 1977.


Gerald Rudolph Ford (1974-1977)

... modeled and made a guest appearance in a series. To finance his law studies, Ford took on various jobs, including as a model for the magazine "Look". He made his guest appearance on Dynasty in 1983. The series was filming a scene at a real charity ball when producers spotted Ford and his wife among those in attendance. In his scene he was supposed to greet two actors.


Richard Milhouse Nixon (1969-1974)

... ended the Vietnam War. The peace treaty was signed in January 1973. After the return of the last prisoners of war to leave Vietnam, Nixon invited them to dinner at the White House. It was the biggest dinner ever held in the White House and attended by famous people.


Lyndon Baines Johnson (1963-1969)

... married Claudia "Lady Bird" Tylor on November 17, 1934. They had two daughters and they all had the same initials "LBJ": Lyndon Bain Johnson, Lady Bird Johnson, Luci Baines Johnson and Lynda Bird Johnson. Even with the family dog, care was taken: Little Beagle Johnson!


John Fitzgerald Kennedy (1961-1963)

... is among other things for his death by an attack and his words in the opening speech in 1961 "Ask not what your country can do for you - ask what you can do for your country." can do - ask what you can do for your country. "). A rather unknown fact is that he was the first president of the Boy Scouts. He was also the youngest president elected to office (Teddy Roosevelt, though younger, became president after McKinley's death). He also won the Pulitzer Prize in History for the book Profiles in Courage.


Dwight (David) Eisenhower (1953-1961))

... has had many premieres as president: He was the first bald US president, the first in office to be seen on color television and the first president with an active pilot's license. When Alaska joined the Union in 1959, he was the first president to serve more than 50 states. In addition, he never held any political office prior to his tenure - the first since Zachary Taylor.


Harry S. Truman (1945-1953)

... the middle name really meant S. The letter does not stand for a specific name, but also for his grandfathers Anderson Shipp Truman and Solomon Young. After his presidency, Truman turned down several lucrative corporate positions, believing that such employment would have compromised the integrity of the presidency. In the end, he was only drawing his army pension, which was around $ 112 a month at the time. It is often believed that his situation was a major cause of the Former Presidents Act of 1958, which has allowed former presidents to receive an annuity of $ 25,000 annually since then.


Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1933-1945)

... was the last US President to be fluent in more than one other language besides English: French and German. In addition, he mastered Latin. Incidentally, his wife Eleanor Roosevelt was his fifth cousin - and niece of former President Theodore Roosevelt. Up to FDR he was the last president to speak more than two foreign languages ​​fluently. Family ties.

 Herbert Clark Hoover (1929-1933)

... shared his love for foreign languages ​​and education with his wife Lou. In order not to be overheard, both liked to talk in (broken) Mandarin. The couple also translated the work “De re metallica” from Latin into English for the first time.


Calvin (John) Coolidge (1923-1929)

... did not run for re-election in 1928 despite its strong popularity and good chances. He justified this decision with the fact that an honest, public service is guaranteed by regular changes in the office of the president. The real reason, however, was more private, as his son died of blood poisoning shortly before the 1924 presidential election.


Warren Gamaliel Harding (1921-1923)

... won the first presidential election in which women were allowed to vote, with 60.3% of the vote.


Thomas Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)

... received the 1919 Nobel Peace Prize. As a lesson from the First World War, he proposed a worldwide association of governments and presented 14 points of peace for which he was awarded. Paradoxically, however, he also had a very traditional conception of racial segregation. He believed that the minorities in America were trying to dominate the white majority and that they had to be put in their place. Through this view, he intensified racial segregation in America.


William Howard Taft (1909-1913)

... tended to fall asleep during public events. His friend James Watson (Indiana Senator) said that Taft often fell asleep for 10 to 15 minutes and then woke up and continued conversations. The whole thing was repeated after about 30 minutes. These incidents, probably health-related, did not stop at funerals, operas or church services. Watson commented, “I literally loved Taft. He was one of the best men who ever lived anywhere, "but he also joked to the President:" Mr. President, you are the biggest audience I've ever slept. ”Taft took it with humor.


Theodore Roosevelt (1901-1909)

... hated his well-known nickname "Teddy" and made it clear to anyone who called him that. It didn't help: as early as 1902, a hunting excursion led to a widespread newspaper comic in which Roosevelt refused to shoot a helpless bear. A short time later, the inventor Morris Michtom constructed the first teddy bear as a toy and named it, inspired by the comic, "Teddy’s Bear". The rest is history.


William McKinley (1897-1901)

... whose face adorns the 500 dollar bill. Fortunately, it's not yellow: His wife Ida McKinley hated the color and had all yellow things removed from the White House - including the flowers.


Grover Cleveland (1893-1897)

... Grover Cleveland again? Yes! Because he is the only president in the history of the United States whose terms of office are not consecutive. In the elections of 1888 he had a majority of the citizens' votes, but fewer electors. It was the second time in history that this case occurred (after which it happened again in the 2000 and 2016 elections).He secured the 1892 election with 46 percent of the vote and 277 electors.


Benjamin Harrison (1889-1893)

... is one of the most often forgotten presidents! In 2012, New York magazine wanted to find out who the most forgotten president is. In return, they shut down the founding fathers, anyone who hadn't been around for long, anyone who was murdered or died in office, anyone who served two terms, had a memorable name, was notorious for being one of the worst presidents, or even just had crazy facial hair. In the end, there was only Benjamin Harrison left! His term of office was a defining time in American history: six new states were accepted into the Union, and the first steps towards the annexation of Hawaii began.


Grover Cleveland (1885-1889)

... was the first democrat to be elected after the civil war. In addition, his real first name is Stephen. Nobody knows exactly why he started calling himself Grover. According to speculation, he didn't like the idea of ​​his first and last name rhyming (Steve - Cleve).


Chester Alan Arthur (1881-1885)

... was the first US president to take the oath of office at home. A year after taking office, he learned that he was suffering from fatal kidney disease, which is why he resigned at the end of his tenure. While he experienced a lot of distrust when he took office, he was ultimately respected by political friends and enemies.


James Abram Garfield (1881-1881)

... can claim several “first times” for himself: He was the first US president to campaign bilingually - in English and German. He was also the first left-hander in the highest office of the state. Unfortunately, however, he was also the first president to die at the age of less than 50: four months after his election he was shot and two months later he succumbed to his wound infections. Macabre coincidence: A certain Robert Todd Lincoln was also there during the assassination attempt on Garfield - the son of President Abraham Lincoln, who was shot only 16 years earlier.


Rutherford B. Hayes (1877-1881)

... saw major technological advances during his presidency: He was the first president to use a telephone and typewriter in the White House. Modern means of transport also made it possible for him to be the first US president to visit the west coast.


Ulysses S. Grant (1869-1877)

... was promoted to lieutenant general for his services after the battle of Chattanooga. In US history, only George Washington and Winfield Scott have held this military rank to date.


Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)

... was the first US president against whom impeachment proceedings were initiated. Johnson's violation of formal rules was put forward as the primary motive for the proceedings. The real reason, however, was the apparent resistance with which the President met the will of Congress.


Abraham Lincoln (1861-1865)

... grew his beard because of an eleven year old girl! Grace Bedell (a young but avid Republican supporter) wrote Lincoln a letter telling him that her brothers laughed at her for the skinny presidential candidate. She also believed that once he had a beard, she would get her brothers to vote for him, and that women like beards too and that is why they would choose him. She was right: Lincoln dropped his beard and became president.


James Buchanan (1857--1861)

... is widely regarded as the weakest president in American history. Among other things because of the accusation that he was responsible for the secession of the southern states and the outbreak of the civil war, he withdrew from the presidency and politics in 1861. He is also the only president in US history to remain unmarried.


Franklin Pierce (1853-1857)

... is considered by historians to be one of the most unsuccessful presidents of the United States, if not a failure. Apart from a disastrous foreign policy (e.g. towards Great Britain), the domestic policy was characterized by inability, as Pierce did not know how to decisively counteract the growing political tensions between the northern and southern states, but rather fueled this conflict, which ultimately (also through the politics of his Successor) led to civil war. There was an ultimately false prophecy a few weeks before the end of Pierce's term of office on the part of MP Charles Francis Adams, who said that one should be happy to have had a president like Pierce, since his mistakes would be a lesson to all subsequent presidents. A fallacy, because even his successor, James Buchanan, could not prevent the Civil War.


Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)

... taught himself to read and write. He came from a poor background and therefore attended school only very irregularly. After starting and dropping out of training as a tailor, he concentrated on his education.


Zachary Taylor (1849-1850)

... was related to another US President - Taylor had the same great-grandparents as the 4th US President James Madison.


James K. Polk (1845-1849)

... was surprised by his own nomination! He had just lost his candidacy for re-election as governor of Tennessee. But when the delegates at the party congress could not agree on a candidate, they decided on a compromise by relying on an outsider: James Polk.


John Tyler (1841-1845)