What is a semiconductor made of

Electrical properties of semiconductors

Materials for electrical engineering pp 228-298 | Cite as


The electrical material properties are discussed separately for the three material groups - semiconductors, metals and dielectrics. This makes it possible to highlight those electrical properties that are particularly typical for the substance group in question and particularly important for technical use. In accordance with the great importance of semiconductor components for electrical engineering and with regard to the complex behavior of this group of materials, the material properties of semiconductors will have to be dealt with in relatively detail. The phenomenon of electricity conduction can be described for semiconductors, metals and dielectrics by a common model - the so-called ribbon model. This ribbon model and a number of the consequences that follow, which are particularly important for semiconductors, are described in detail in this chapter. In the case of metals and dielectrics, we will return to some details.

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© Springer-Verlag Vienna 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Institute for Materials in Electrical Engineering, Technical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria