How many civil engineers are there in India
Working in India
Working in India is a dream for many engineers. The Indian economy has recently picked up again noticeably. Agriculture and the manufacturing industry contribute to a large extent to economic output. But the country is led by services in the IT business. The country offers exciting business contacts for engineers and IT specialists. Not always as an employee, but also as a freelancer.
Working in India: industries for engineers and computer scientists
The IT industry in India in particular has experienced a boom since the beginning of the 2010s. It has developed continuously and at breakneck speed since the 1980s. The importance of the IT business ‘for India can be seen in the figures: The industry generates around 7.5% of the gross domestic product, makes up 25% of total exports and creates work for around 12 million people. Almost 3 million are directly employed, the remaining jobs are created indirectly. Currently, 3 areas dominate the IT industry in India - the development of software and software services, the outsourcing of business processes as well as research and development including engineering services. More than 700 companies from all over the world operate research and development centers in India.
A major challenge for the IT industry in India is the level of training of Indian engineers and computer scientists. Although around 500,000 engineers graduate each year, the majority of them are not ready for the job market. For the companies, this means that they first have to train the graduates. Only then can they keep them busy. There is also another problem: the productivity of engineers and computer scientists in Indian companies is significantly lower than in the Indian branches of foreign competitors.
The lack of training is due to two main factors. On the one hand, engineering training at some Indian universities is so theory-heavy that the graduates are unable to work after completing their studies. On the other hand, many Indians are reluctant engineers. In India, parents decide which career path the offspring will take. And the parents see that the future lies in the IT business and urge their children to become engineers or IT specialists. However, this means that many young Indians are not really interested in this degree. Accordingly, they are half-heartedly involved and at some point end up being mediocre programmers in a small Indian company.
Engineering company in India
This is probably why there are no IT companies on the Forbes list of the world's most popular employers for India, but there are those that are interesting for engineers. For the first time, India appears in 22nd place in the ranking.
The top 10 most popular Indian employers are:
- Larsen & Toubro (construction services)
- Mahindra & Mahindra (automotive and truck industry)
- Grasim Industries (building materials)
- HDFC (financial services)
- General Insurance Corporation of India (Insurance)
- ITC (tobacco products)
- Steel Authority of India (iron & steel industry)
- Sun Pharma Industries (pharmaceutical industry)
- Asian Paints (chemistry)
- HDFC Bank (Finance)
Quotas for domestic and foreign experts
Number 10 on the Indian list corresponds to number 183 on the global list. Overall, the mixed training of Indian engineers and IT specialists ensures that experts from abroad are in great demand. External specialists are often sought, especially for management positions. However, it is difficult for them to fill additional positions, as they cannot simply hire more engineers and IT specialists from abroad. You have to prove that the job could not be done by an Indian and guarantee a minimum income of the equivalent of 20,000 euros per year. Anyone who can do that has to scramble for the top people with numerous other companies. Those who became engineers or IT specialists out of conviction and with passion are in great demand on the market. This deficiency actually gives engineers from abroad the chance to get a good job in India.
Especially engineers working on renewable energy who specialize in India have good prospects in the years to come. Because the country has to massively expand its energy production in order to supply the growing population. In addition to traditional energy sources, renewable energies should also make an important contribution. By 2022, the capacities of renewable energies are expected to have almost doubled compared to 2013. By 2030, their share in electricity generation is to increase from 30 to 46%. Water and wind power should play the most important role in this.
To achieve this goal, the Indian railways, for example, are already using the energy of the sun and the Indian coal giant India Coal Limited is also switching to solar energy.
Insight into Indian culture
India is the seventh largest country in the world. India was a British colony until 1947. The country's population has tripled since independence: to currently around 1.36 billion people (as of 2019). After China, India is the second most populous country in the world. This also has an impact on the language diversity, which is well over 100 languages across the country. The national official languages are Hindi and English. Hindi predominates in the north of India, while English is easier to get along with in the south of the country.
Religion and caste system in India
Indian culture is just as diverse as the people who live in the country. It encompasses a large number of population groups and religions and can look back on a tradition that goes back several thousand years. One of the most important religions is Hinduism, to which 80% of the population belong, followed by Islam (14%). Anyone who hears India probably immediately thinks of the caste system. It's a classic part of Indian culture. The mythological order system comprises 4 main castes, under which the casteless are. The latter are considered impure. According to Hindu belief, one is born into a certain caste and belongs to it for a lifetime. According to belief, the caste into which one is born also depends on the previous life. The classic mythological order system of the 4 main boxes cannot be transferred to everyday life. In reality, the caste system is much more complex and difficult to understand for outsiders. What is certain, however, is that it still exists, even if politicians try to create equal opportunities for universities and the public service through quotas.
Belief in the caste system ensures that Hierarchies mean a lot in India. Foreign IT companies are also aware of this phenomenon. Many of them have therefore invented new hierarchy names especially for their subsidiaries in India. Although the level system is identical worldwide and the titles and jobs are internationally comparable, additional levels have been created within the system in India. Employees can be promoted more often, for example from software developers to senior software developers. This title has no effect on work, but for the employee it means a higher reputation with family and friends.
Indian culture has shaped the South Asian region. In addition to languages and religion, it also includes Indian cuisine, clothing, handicrafts, music and dance. A very young branch of Indian culture is Indian film - which, in addition to high-quality auteur films, mainly releases Hindi entertainment films, which has become famous under the name Bollywood. The name came about in the 1970s because the commercial success of the colorful films was comparable to that of Hollywood cinema in the 1960s. The word is composed of Bombay (now Mumbai) and Hollywood.
Business etiquette for working in India
Faith and hierarchical thinking also shape business relationships in India. Foreign business partners are expected to respect the religious feelings of their counterparts. In India, in contrast to European nations, there is less talk and more gesticulation. On the one hand, this ensures that the Indians quickly appear taciturn and unfriendly, and on the other hand, that one's own gestures are quickly misunderstood because they are not used properly as a foreign guest. That is why it is advisable to avoid pronounced gestures at business meetings in India in order to avoid misunderstandings.
Gestures and unclean body parts in India
Gestures that also exist in Western countries often have a different meaning in India. The Shaking his head for example, which basically stands for no in Europe, means approval in Indian culture. The reverse is the same: A short nod, often accompanied by a slight click of the tongue, indicates the negative in India. The most important gestures are transmitted with the head. It is the highest part of the body and is considered sacred to the Indians. Touching the head is an absolute taboo, even with children.
In return, the Feet as the lowest part of the body as impure. If someone accidentally touches their foot under the table at a business lunch, for example, an immediate apology is required. In India, too, is considered unclean left handbecause it is traditionally used for personal hygiene. Objects are generally handed over with the right hand. Business travelers who hand over their business cards should bear this in mind. Always hand over with the right hand and only accept the business card of the Indian business partner with this hand. Incidentally, this business rule applies to almost all countries in the South Asian cultural area.
Polite formulas are uncommon in India
The use of politeness, on the other hand, is rather uncommon in India. Please, thank you and sorry are seen by Indians as mostly unnecessary. What is then ultimately interpreted as impolite is also a question of one's own mentality and culture. Male business travelers should make sure not to speak to strangers. Not even if it's just about asking for directions or the weather. You better always turn to men.For Indian women, such contact puts their reputation at stake. Basically, a distance of about an arm's length is kept at all interpersonal encounters. A light handshake is only normal in India as a greeting - but not a firm handshake.
Small talk in India
For German engineers and computer scientists, the choice of topics should take a little getting used to. Even at business lunches, business is rarely talked about, but more about private matters. The family is very important in Indian culture and is a popular topic of conversation. Foreign business guests are often asked about their marital status, family members and religion. Such questions are never meant to be outrageous, they are genuinely interested. It is best to answer such personal questions in a friendly and diplomatic manner, without going into too much detail.
Western influences make doing business in India easier
Unlike working in China, the business pitfalls in India aren't quite as dangerous. Due to the long colonial rule of the British, India has a very western influence on the rules of behavior in business compared to other Asian countries. At business lunches, for example, people eat with a knife and fork and not, as at private gatherings, with their hands.
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