Who is the inventor of the railroad

Who actually invented the train?

The question of who invented the train is actually quite complicated, plus the fact that the history of the train can actually be traced back thousands of years. It all started with small but continuous steps that lead us step by step to the modern train industry. It is therefore not possible to identify a single person as the inventor of the train. Here, however, is a quick look at how this great technical achievement has evolved.

Early wagons

There are documented examples of wagons that went back to the 2nd and 1st millennium BC. Go back BC. In order to mobilize these wagons, rails were either laid on which the wagons could travel, or grooves were cut in the floor to guide the wagons along a solid line. These wagons were either driven by humans or pulled by horses and bulls. These types of "rails" have been discovered near Assyrian, Babylonian, and Persian historical sites. During this time, the wagons were mainly used to connect trading posts or to transport stones and earth from the mines to the construction sites, but not for recreational purposes or public transport.

The wagon routes were also very popular in the Greek Empire. After the fall of the Greek Empire, the wagon railways largely went out of fashion until increasing trade in the 16th century increased the need for good transport connections. Several small advances were made in the design of rails and carts to improve utilization, but the carts still relied on human or horsepower propulsion.

Steam engines

The first steam-powered machine was invented by Thomas Savery in 1698, although this machine was not intended to drive rail vehicles. Although the machine could be used for its purpose (water lifting), the design showed some serious shortcomings. However, other engineers and inventors have been able to use this as inspiration for their own creations.

The first self-propelled steam engine was invented by James Watt with the help of his assistant William Murdoch, more than 60 years after Savery tested his designs. They were able to create a working model. But they did not make a scale locomotive capable of pulling wagons. It was not until 1804 that Richard Trevithick created a scale locomotive. This locomotive completed the first steam-powered train journey ever on February 21, 1804 and pulled 5 wagons, 10 tons of iron and 70 passengers. Unfortunately, there were still many major flaws in Trevithick's designs, and they were not widely adopted. Trevithick's work went largely unrecognized at the time, and he died penniless and alone.

Over the next 20 years, the locomotives were created by a number of inventors who each made adjustments to the designs to open up avenues for commercial use. George Stephenson built on the designs of his predecessors and produced the No. 1 locomotiveused on the world's first public steam train between Stockton and Darlington. He marketed his success by starting a company that made locomotives for sale for both commercial and public transportation.

Electric trains

Electric trains were first used in the 1880s, following the successful introduction of an electric tram line in Berlin that was built by Werner von Siemens. Over the next several decades, electrically powered vehicles became increasingly feasible and practical, and large numbers of electrically powered railways were built around the world. These systems were used with overhead lines or an electrified rail.

Modern trains

The trains we see today were developed primarily on the basis of early electric or diesel powered train designs. However, inventors and engineers continue to pioneer new designs that could revolutionize train travel in the future. It remains exciting.