Can a CMA from India work abroad
Focus on India
India on course for growth
India has developed strongly economically in the past few years since Prime Minister Narendra Modi took office. With renewed economic growth of over seven percent in the 2016/17 fiscal year, India is now one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Between 2013 and 2017, the Indian rupee gained around 25 percent in value. In addition, with the introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) in July of this year, an important step was taken towards a unified India-wide domestic market. At the same time, the country's population is growing steadily, and India is expected to be the most populous country on earth by the middle of the century.
Indian foreign trade has grown rapidly over the past two decades. Indian exports almost tripled between 2000 and 2016. Although Indian foreign trade has recently declined, there are clear signs of a recovery in Indian exports. Since September last year, the export volume has increased significantly again and reached a six-year high in March 2017.
An important point in economic development is India's increasing opening to foreign countries. In this context, among other things, foreign direct investments were permitted and the upper limits for foreign investments were abolished. Foreign direct investment reached a record level of USD 40 billion in the 2015/2016 fiscal year. The transport industry is one of the sectors with the highest levels of foreign investment.
The Indian government has launched many economic and development initiatives in recent years. For example, the “Clean India Initiative” is intended to help the country become more sustainable and clean. Another example is the “Smart Cities Mission”, which aims to promote digitization in the country by digitally networking 100 large cities. An initiative in which the Port of Hamburg representative office in India is also regularly involved is called “Make in India”. Its aim is to strengthen India's attractiveness for foreign investors and also to generate investments for the maritime infrastructure.
Developments in the transport sector
India's infrastructure shows serious deficiencies, and so considerable investments are needed and planned in the transport sector. At the moment the transport sector is dominated by public or semi-public companies, but a slow but continuous privatization is taking place. For some years now, investments have been made in expanding and improving the transport infrastructure. India's transportation is mostly road-based. The expansion of the rail network and inland shipping should relieve the roads and remove bottlenecks in hinterland traffic.
The growth prospects for India are good, the economy is expanding and container throughput is also growing steadily - an average of eight percent per year. In order to actually be able to call up the positive growth forecasts, it is urgently necessary to remedy the existing deficits in the infrastructure area.
Concrete investments in the maritime infrastructure are part of the “Make in India” initiative. As part of the initiative, the “Sagarmala” investment program envisages the renovation of 53 ports, 83 better connections and 29 industrialization projects through port development to be initiated over the next four years. A total investment volume of USD 15 billion is planned for this project. The aim of the “Green Port Initiative” is to operate twelve major ports in India with renewable energies in the future. Among other things, the Indian government is pursuing the goal of being the first country in which all shipyards are operated with energy from solar and wind installations. USD 104 million is earmarked for this by the planned completion in 2019.
Container ports of India
Four ports can be counted among the most important and largest container ports in the country.
The Jawaharlal Nehru Port (Nhava Sheva) on the west coast is currently the largest and one of the most modern ports in India. In the 15/16 fiscal year, the port with its five container terminals achieved a total handling volume of 4.6 million TEU. One of them is the APM Terminal Mumbai - India's largest container terminal in terms of handling and capacity.
Mundra Port, located on the north bank of the Gulf of Kachchh in Gujarat and considered the economic gateway to the north of India, is the country's largest private port. The total throughput in the fiscal year 15/16 was 3 million TEU. Another container terminal was opened in April 2017; this is to make Mundra Port the largest port in India with a total capacity of 5.5 million TEU.
Except for the container terminal there, the important Chennai Port on the east coast of India is operated by the state-owned Chennai Port Trust. According to Lloyd's List, the private container terminal is one of the top 100 container ports in the world. A second terminal was built to meet the growing demand, and a third terminal, with a volume of 5 million TEU, is already being planned.
The Pipavav Port is close to the important trade route for cargo ships to the Far East, the Middle East, the USA and Africa and Europe. The port was India's first private sector port and is operated by the A.P. Moller-Maersk Group. In the past fiscal year, investments were made primarily in the infrastructure, the expansion of existing structures and the expansion of capacities. This has resulted in significantly better efficiency and productivity.
Trade relations between India and Hamburg
Hamburg and India are linked by a long partnership that goes back to the 16th century. Shipping, in particular, quickly gained in importance, and the Hamburg-Calcutta Line was founded as early as 1888. Today India ranks tenth in the Hanseatic city's top 10 trading partners, and the port of Hamburg is seen as the gateway to Europe for Indian goods. More than 3,000 Indian citizens currently live in Hamburg. More than 40 Indian companies have a location in the metropolitan area, and more than 100 Hamburg companies have offices and / or production facilities in India.
In 2016, sea freight throughput between Hamburg and India was around 3 million tons, which is almost one percent more than in the previous year. Last year, 245,000 TEU were moved between Hamburg and India in container handling, also an increase of one percent.
In India traffic, Hamburg is currently served by three full container liner services a week. A liner service is offered jointly by Hapag-Lloyd, Hamburg Süd and CMA CGM, one jointly by MSC and SCI and one by CMA CGM (ANL) and Hapag-Lloyd.
But Hamburg is also an important transshipment point for general cargo in India. Six general cargo, heavy lift and RoRo liner services currently connect the two countries. These are offered by Chipolbrok, Rickmers-Linie, Höegh, MOL RoRo, NYK RoRo and SAL.
Machines and equipment, metals and metal products, chemical products as well as textiles and clothing are among the most frequently transported goods between the ports in India and the universal port of Hamburg. The importance of India for Hamburg is increased if, in addition to direct traffic to India, Indian imports and exports are also taken into account, which are routed as transit cargo via Sri Lanka or Arab ports such as Dubai.
Port of Hamburg representative office in Mumbai
The Hanseatic City of Hamburg has had its own Hamburg representative office in Mumbai since 2011. This is managed by the Senate of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, the Chamber of Commerce, the Hamburg Economic Development Corporation and Port of Hamburg Marketing.
The representative office maintains very good contacts in the transport industry, with shippers, freight forwarders, shipping companies, operators and railway companies as well as with associations, institutions and specialist media from the maritime industry. The representative office looks after member companies interested in the Indian market, creates networks, organizes and supports events and provides information in India about current developments in Germany's largest universal port.
Port of Hamburg representative office in Mumbai
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