How similar are basketball and futsal

Futsal - a trend is reaching Schleswig Holstein


A new form of indoor football is to be made known.


What is futsal?

In contrast to conventional indoor football, as we know it in Germany, futsal has some striking differences: only four field players and one goalkeeper as well as a smaller ball that has a special bounce behavior due to less pressure. The game is played on handball goals (three by two meters) and without boards. The playing time is two times 20 minutes (effective playing time with timekeeper) and each team is entitled to a timeout per half. However, futsal is largely shaped by its more disembodied character: tackles are prohibited. Similar to basketball, there is also the accumulated foul play. After the fifth foul per team and half-time, there is a penalty of a ten-meter penalty mark. These ingredients lead to a fast-paced game with a mixture of creativity, strength and speed.


The character of the game


Experts consider futsal to be a useful addition to normal football and, in the technical-tactical and coordinative areas, as ideal for youth work. The character of the game demands creativity, initiative, understanding of the game and a high level of concentration and attention; it concerns the duel behavior, the short passing game, change of position and variability. With the exception of Great Britain and Germany, leading football nations such as France, Brazil, Spain, Italy and Portugal have long since integrated futsal into their talent development. In the adult sector, for example, the attraction is characterized by faster play, a higher technical level, more goal area scenes, more goals and greater drama.


The history of futsal


The term "futsal" is derived from the Spanish words futbal and salon. But this "five-a-side football" was developed in Montevideo as early as 1930, just in the year when the first football World Cup took place in Uruguay. In South America in particular, futsal has since become a natural variant of the game. Before Spain became the first European country to become Futsal World Champion in Guatemala in 2000, Brazil had been the subscription winner since the first official World Cup under the auspices of Fifa (1989 in the Netherlands).

World stars like Pele, Zico, Socrates or Ronaldo played only futsal in their youth. Here they learned their technical skills, which they could later use in big field football. And this is also reflected in the fascination for the observer:


Audience interest all over the world


At the most recent World Cup in Guatemala (the next finals will take place in Taiwan in 2004), all games were sold out and almost 100,000 spectators attended. The record crowd still holds a game in Brazil between Atletico Mineiro and Banespa in 1999 with 25,000 spectators.


The goals


The world football association and Uefa, which organizes European association and club championships, are pursuing ambitious goals: Futsal should become the world's most popular indoor sport and Olympic competition. There are already a few professional leagues in Portugal, Russia, Brazil and Spain that are considered to be the strongest.

In Germany, on the other hand, pioneering work has to be done first. Last year, the Rhineland Championships took place in Mülheim-Kärlich as a pilot event. Young people and seniors were mostly positive: the rules allow fewer fouls, which minimizes the risk of injury, and since the futsal ball hardly bounces, the players are literally forced into a respectable and technical short passing game. In Italy, for example, one million people play traditional full-field football, but four million play five-a-side football. In France, especially in Alsace, most indoor tournaments are now based on futsal.


The most important futsal rules in a nutshell:

(current status, modifications are possible)


The playing field:

Handball field size - approx. 40 by 20 meters, without boards


The ball:

Size 4 (or even only 3) with less pressure (0.4 to 0.6 atmospheres instead of 1.0 atmospheres).

If the ball is dropped from a height of two meters, it must not jump less than 50 centimeters and not higher than 65 centimeters.


The goals:

Handball goals (three by two meters).


The number of players:

4 field players, one goalkeeper, up to seven substitutes.


The playing time:

Twice 20 minutes (effective) with the timekeeper.

Each team can insert a timeout (one minute) per half.


The penalty kick:

From a 6-meter mark (in the case of the fifth team foul, from the 10-meter mark).


The drop:

Also allowed over the center line.


The kick-in:

From the touchline; Opponent keeps a distance of at least five meters.


The foul:

Tackling is prohibited, there are indirect and direct free kicks (fouls that lead to direct free kicks are accumulated and recorded by an additional referee).


The exclusion:

A substitute player may only appear on the field two effective minutes of play after being excluded, unless the opposing team scores a goal before the time penalty has expired.



What is the next step in futsal at SHFV?


The association game committee in the SHFV is organizing its first Futsal pilot tournament on February 15, 2004 in the Heikendorfer district sports hall.


Two teams from each of the four districts in the SHFV are involved:


VFR Laboe, Spvg Eidertal-Molfsee, TSV Gudow, SV Wahlstedt, VFL Kellinghusen, FC St. Michaelisdonn, FC Blau Weiß Friedrichsstadt and FC Tarp-Oeversee:


The participating teams were given balls by the district game committee chairpersons in preparation for the tournament.


The chairman of the association game committee has set the following rules for the tournament


Special rules SHFV-Futsal-Pilot short form


The "normal" hall rules of the SHFV apply

Only the following futsal rules are taken into account:


Playing field: Kreisporthalle Heikendorf without boards

The adidas Roteiro sala 65 ball is size 3 and shows a special bounce behavior (it bounces less and requires a fast flat pass game)


Goals: 3 mx2 m (handball goals

Number of players: 4 + 1 (up to 7 substitutes)

Playing time: 1 x 14 minutes with timekeeper


Time-out possible once per game and team (1 minute)


Penalty shot: 6 m (10 m)


Throwing over the center line is also allowed


Kick-in (opponents at least 5 m away)


Direct and indirect free kicks (according to the field rules!)


Fair play: only 3 fouls / per team / per game, 10 m penalty for each further foul,

Tackling is prohibited