Can dissociate Asperger's into antisocial disorders
A question of personality?
Man is the epitome of individuality. There is an immense variety of diverse personalities that shape our character: While one is more reserved, fearful and quiet, the other is more extroverted, aggressive and loud. But when does our personality really come to light? It determines our reaction to other people as well as to conflict situations and, above all, whether and how we cope with situations with problem and conflict potential. It is precisely in these moments that personality disorders become noticeable, as they usually deviate from appropriate behavioral patterns and thus lead to an impairment of social behavior.
What is a personality disorder?
Rigid and poor flexibility, a lack of adaptation or a strong personality are essential characteristics of a personality disorder. The classification of personality disorders is based on a breakdown of the characteristics that occur. However, the disorder patterns cannot always be clearly separated from one another.
What types of personality disorder are there?
The international classification systems ICD and DSM define a large number of different personality disorders: It is assumed that every tenth person suffers from a personality disorder. It also happens that those affected have several disorders at the same time.
Paranoid personality disorder
Suspicious, contentious and self-centered behaviors are characteristic of paranoid personality disorder. Those affected perceive other people as hostile and live under the assumption that the whole world is against them.
Histrionic Personality Disorder
With this personality disorder, those affected tend to exaggerate, theatrical behavior, which is associated with a certain instability and superficiality.
Compulsive (anankastic) personality disorder
Perfectionism and an excessive need for control are characteristic of anankastic personality disorder. Those affected suffer from constant doubts, are also not flexible and seem pedantic. When performing an activity, the associated rules play a much more important role for those affected.
Anxious personality disorder
An anxious personality disorder is usually accompanied by the fear of being rejected or of appearing unattractive to others, which is why those affected find it difficult to deal with criticism and are usually insecure and cautious.
Dependent personality disorder
Those affected find it extremely difficult to make decisions independently of other people, as they usually orientate themselves towards them. The disorder is also characterized by strong feelings such as the fear of being abandoned. Affected people are mostly passive and submissive.
Schizotypic personality disorder
This personality disorder is associated with enormous deficits in social behavior. Affected people tend to behave in very strange ways. This can also be seen in the idiosyncratic style of clothing and the bizarre language. In addition, those affected have a strongly distorted perception and very entangled thought patterns.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
The arrogant, self-centered and egoistic behaviors of those affected usually include deep-rooted fears of not receiving sufficient recognition and being rejected, as well as low self-confidence. Narcissistic personalities usually have a low level of empathy and are also hardly capable of criticism.
Schizoid personality disorder
Characteristic for this disorder are very withdrawn, withdrawn behaviors. By fleeing into fantasy worlds, those affected isolate themselves from their surroundings and prefer to be alone. They find it difficult to experience joy or feelings in general.
Dissocial or Antisocial Personality Disorder
Dissocial personalities usually have unstable relationships because they have little or no empathy. Due to their very low frustration tolerance, they quickly tend to aggressive behavior. In addition, the disregard of applicable rules and a lack of sense of responsibility are characteristic of the disorder.
Emotionally unstable personality disorder
The ICD defines two types of personality disorder:
- the impulsive, emotionally unstable type
- and the borderline type. The former is characterized by a lack of impulse control and emotional instability. The borderline type is characterized by suffering from the permanent feeling of emptiness, the tendency to impulsive behavior and the intense but unstable and short-lived interpersonal relationships.
How can personality disorders be treated?
In the treatment of personality disorders, behavioral, but also deep psychological methods have proven to be helpful. The aim of every form of therapy is to give the patient the opportunity to work on their behavior that has been impaired by the disorder. This is intended to alleviate destructive symptoms so that everyday life can be better managed. Since people with a personality disorder are more prone to alcohol and drug abuse, specialized treatment is required in this regard. It also happens that those affected have suicidal behavior and depressive symptoms as concomitant symptoms. This should also be specifically addressed during therapy.
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