What is the purpose of a truss
Fachwerk - terms and construction
In general, the framework is a structure made of bars that are only subjected to compression and tension. I would like to limit myself to the wooden framework of old half-timbered houses. Just as it was predominant north of the Alps for many centuries until the 19th century.
1 = threshold
2 = corner stand
3 = stand
4 = wall brace
5 = St. Andrew's Cross
6 = latch
7 = lintel bolt
8 = parapet ledger
9 = Rähm
10 = bar
11 = hem threshold
The lowest horizontal bar of a truss is called the threshold. The various stands or struts are set up on it.
2. Corner stand
The corner stand is a vertical piece of wood that sits on the corner of two walls.
All vertical pieces of wood that rest on a foundation, threshold or plinth are referred to as a stand or stem. If a vertical piece of wood is buried in the ground, it is called a post. No further backup is then required.
4. Wall brace
Wall struts are sloping pieces of wood that run from the threshold to the frame. If the wood runs from the threshold to the stand, it is referred to as a foot brace; if it rises from the frame to the stand, it is called a head brace.
5. St. Andrew's Cross
The St. Andrew's Cross is a figure in a half-timbered association. Here struts are padded crosswise with each other. The name comes from St. Andrew, who was struck on a cross with two sloping sticks.
The horizontal timbers of the wall are called transoms. They are connected to the stands with tenons or overlays.
7. Lintel bolts
Lintel bolts are bolts at the height of the window or door lintel.
8. Parapet ledger
Bars at the height of the window parapet are called parapet bars.
The ceiling beams rest on the frame. It is the upper end of a truss association. The frame creates the longitudinal structure of the construction.
Wood stressed in bending is referred to as a beam in half-timbering. The ceiling beams should be mentioned here in particular.
11. Hem threshold
In a two-story half-timbered house, the hem threshold runs parallel to the Rähm. The distance is determined by the thickness of the ceiling joists.
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