Excludes fear from sociopathy
Real psychopaths are extremely rare. Even so, psychopathy and other personality disorders are still pigeonholed by many. Our 15-point checklist shows how you can really recognize a psychopath.
What distinguishes a psychopath so massively from other people and what makes him so dangerous at the same time is above all a very specific quality: psychopaths have no compassion whatsoever. In order to There is a massive difference between psychopaths and other mentally ill people.
Even many psychotherapists consider real psychopaths to be untreatable. Although there is also special therapies for them, however, these will be near offered exclusively in the penal system. On around 20 percent of the offender in German prisons is based on studies Diagnosis of psychopathy to. The Percentage of psychopaths in the total population lies by under three percent.
In addition to the penal system, according to some psychologists, there are also a noticeable number of psychopaths among themselves Executives can be found in the economy. Your property particularly inconsiderate to be is apparently one in this area real benefit and board members often good money.
Definition: what is psychopathy?
Psychopathy is considered special in the relevant literature severe form of antisocial personality disorder described. She expresses herself in manipulative behavior, recklessness and a complete Lack of empathy out. Psychopaths have no sense of social responsibility.
Basically, psychopathy is still one today comparatively little researched form the mental disorder, the essence of which leads us mainly from the Reporting of extreme, sadistic crime is known. For many authors, dealing with the subject of psychopathy is therefore an interesting topic. That is how it belongs Figure Dr. Hannibal Lecter from the movie The silence of the Lambs one of the most famous, fictional psychopaths.
How does psychopathy arise?
How concretely such a massive disorder like psychopathy arises is still today not fully clarified. However, it is indisputable that psychopaths are already in their childhood by you notice particular coldness in your environment. Many enjoy it, others Torturing children or animals. They seem to be less susceptible to punishment from parents or educators.
From prison psychologist records, it can be deduced that psychopaths often consist of a disturbed parental home originate in the Children have been neglected or abused. The brain researcher Niels Birbaumer has also established that certain Brain areas are altered by psychopaths. Areas that are used, for example, for the Responsible for processing feelings of fear are with them hardly active. Men seem about twice as likely to be affected by psychopathy like women.
How to recognize a psychopath
Psychopaths are rarely noticed in everyday life. On the contrary, many are considered to be good interlocutor, are intelligent and eloquent. You have a knack for doing it quickly forge superficial relationships to be able to. Only those who deal more intensively with a psychopath will be noticed manipulative behavior.
Canadian psychiatrist Robert Hare is a professor emeritus at the University of British Columbia and has dedicated his career to studying psychopathy. Hare has made checklists that everyone should be able to use Recognize psychopaths. The more points on the following checklist apply to a particular person in your environment, the more likely it is that you are dealing with a psychopath.
Important NOTE: The 15-point checklist for recognizing a psychopath is not suitable for making a clear diagnosis. This may only a specialist or a psychotherapist put!
15-point checklist for recognizing a psychopath
1. Superficial charm
Psychopaths did not fall flat on their mouths. Her charm almost always comes across as very self-confident. Your compliments are never shy, but mostly straightforward.
2. The idea of being grandiose
Psychopaths are not lacking in self-esteem. They have a high level of self-confidence, which makes them appear cocky and arrogant.
3. Constant hunger for adventure out of fear of boredom
Monotony and boredom cause stress in the psychopathic brain. That is why they are constantly on the lookout for new stimulation and are also willing to take high risks. This also includes the prosecution of their actions by the criminal authorities.
4. Morbid lying
Any means of enforcing his needs is acceptable to the psychopath. If he has to resort to behavior such as deception, deception, or misleading to do this, he will.
5. Manipulation and exercise of power
In order to increase his self-worth, the psychopath needs other people. He consciously exploits them, behaves unscrupulously and does not take into account the feelings of his victims.
6. Lack of guilt
Psychopaths treat others cold-heartedly and without empathy. They are happy when their victims suffer as a result. They have nothing but contempt for their reaction.
7. Superficial feeling
Psychopaths are incapable of real, loving relationships. But because they can be sociable at the same time, this aspect of their personality can be hidden from friends for a long time.
8. Propensity for parasitic lifestyle
Taking advantage of others often leads to a parasitic lifestyle. Psychopaths make themselves dependent on others due to a lack of self-motivation in order to compensate for their lack of self-discipline.
9. Poor behavior control
Aggression and anger are only controlled when further benefits can be drawn from the behavior. Insults are also often an issue.
10. Many changing sexual partners
This is where the psychopath benefits from his ability to quickly establish superficial contact with others. Numerous affairs and fleeting relationships are typical. In these, sexual acts under the exertion of coercion play a role.
11. Early behavior disorders
Psychopathic traits are noticeable before the age of 13. These include lying, stealing, arson, and torturing animals and other children.
12. No pursuit of long-term goals in life
Often associated with a parasitic lifestyle: Psychopaths are unable to pursue long-term goals. Life is aimless and haphazard, a certain direction does not seem recognizable.
13. Impulsive emotional experience
Inconsiderate reactions are the order of the day, and choleric behavior is common. Frustration and defeat are difficult to bear. In addition, there is a certain mood of mood and recklessness.
14. Non-commitment and lack of responsibility
Liabilities are not taken seriously and appear meaningless. Arrears on loans, being late and delivering sloppily executed work are characteristic.
Law and statute have no meaning for the psychopath. Criminal offenses therefore occur in a variety of ways. If a crime succeeds without prosecution, the psychopath can be induced to boast.
Are psychopaths really not treatable?
The brain researcher Niels Birbaumer is a real exception among his colleagues who consider psychopaths to be largely incapable of therapy. Birbaumer says that too evilest people are able to, to change. Massive childhood traumas would be often a trigger for psychopathy. With the right therapy, traumas could be overcome inactivated areas of the brain however, get going again.
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