What are some common dialogues in India

EU-India strategic partnership

The communication addresses the challenges, opportunities and expectations of the European Union (EU) and India in the areas of foreign policy, the economy and development policy. Areas for future strategic cooperation and a streamlining of institutional structures are also proposed.


Communication from the Commission to the Council, the European Parliament and the European Economic and Social Committee of 16 June 2004: "A strategic partnership between the EU and India" [COM (2004) 430 final - Not published in the Official Journal]


The EU and India already have a close relationship based on shared values ​​and mutual respect. In the past few years, the relationships have been very much expanded both conceptually and in terms of objectives and common challenges. In this context, the Commission proposes a new strategy with the following objectives:

  • multilateral international cooperation with a view to promoting peace, counterterrorism, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction and human rights;
  • Strengthening the link between trade and business, in particular through sector-specific dialogues and through regulation and industrial policy;
  • Cooperation in the fields of sustainable development, environmental protection and combating climate change and poverty;
  • continuous improvement of mutual understanding and contacts between civil societies.

International cooperation

As the EU and India are seen as pillars of global stability, their relationship has become increasingly political issues that go beyond mere trade policy. The Commission is proposing a strategic alliance to develop these relationships and develop an effective multilateral approach.

India is an important partner in the field of conflict prevention. Therefore, the EU needs to find ways to organize regular cooperation with India in this area. On the non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, the Commission wants to step up political dialogue and is proposing negotiations on export control measures.

Effective cooperation should be developed in the fight against terrorism and organized crime.

The EU strongly supports peace and stability in South Asia and the India-Pakistan dialogue.

Economic Cooperation

The EU is India's main trading partner and main source of foreign investment, while India ranks only fourteenth among the EU's trading partners. In order to fully exploit India's market potential, greater market opening and an acceleration of economic reform in India are necessary. In particular, the country needs to address the issue of customs tariffs and the numerous non-tariff barriers, and significantly improve its infrastructure.

In order to improve the competitiveness of companies both in India and in the EU, the strategic policy dialogue must deal on the one hand with regulatory issues and industrial policy. Second, India and the EU need to promote cooperation on major global environmental challenges such as biodiversity, climate change and depletion of the ozone layer.

Significant progress has already been made in the dialogue with India in a number of areas. The strategic sector-specific dialogues still need to be expanded in the following areas:

  • Information society
  • traffic
  • energy
  • biotechnology
  • Galileo program (the European satellite navigation system)
  • Space partnership.

The EU and India also need to start a dialogue on investment, intellectual property rights and trade defense instruments. It is in the EU's interest to strengthen its cooperation with India on technical barriers to trade and in the health and phytosanitary sectors. The EU-India customs cooperation agreement must also be used and sustainable development and regional cooperation in South Asia promoted.

The EU and India have tremendous potential for cooperation in the fields of science and technology. The participation of Indian researchers in the EU's sixth research framework program must be encouraged.

With regard to the monetary and fiscal policy dialogue, the EU should encourage India to participate in regular ministerial consultations on issues of mutual interest.

Development cooperation

The European Union must help India achieve the Millennium Development Goals (CET). Coordination with other EU donors also needs to be stepped up. The EU could also let India benefit from its experience in the field of social security systems.

Mutual understanding

The European Parliament and the Indian Parliament intend to organize regular and institutionalized parliamentary exchanges. At the cultural level, it would be advisable to step up cooperation in all areas. In order to keep the Indian public informed, all Member States and all institutions need to work together and coordinate their actions. It would also be useful if the Indian government, for its part, visits the EU institutions as much as possible and works out a communication strategy.

Institutional structures

The EU-India partnership is based on the 1994 Cooperation Agreement and the 1993 Joint Political Declaration. The first Lisbon Summit in 2000 was a milestone in the development of the relationship. The Commission proposes various initiatives to improve the structure of the partnership.

Implementation and follow-up

The Commission hopes that this communication will serve as the starting point for a joint reflection on improving EU-India relations. The proposals resulting from this reflection can form the basis for an action plan and a new joint political declaration by the EU and India. These two documents could be approved at the sixth EU-India summit in 2005.


With its enormous economic growth, India is consolidating its influence as an international actor and as a regional power. Since the first EU-India summit in Lisbon in 2000, relations with the EU have intensified on a political, geopolitical, economic and trade level.


Joint Action Plan from the 6th EU-India Summit, Delhi, 7 September 2005. This joint action plan dates back to the 2004 Hague Summit. The main objective of the action plan is to improve relations between the EU and India in the framework of the strategic partnership. More specifically, it aims to ensure that the EU and India:

  • strengthen their dialogue and consultation structures;
  • deepen political and economic dialogue and cooperation;
  • Promote trade and investment;
  • contribute to the rapprochement of their peoples and cultures.

Joint press release from the fifth EU-India (FR) summit, The Hague, 8 November 2004. In this press release, representatives of India and the EU referred to the progress made in strengthening mutual relations, in particular as a result of the 2004 communication on the strategic partnership between the EU and India and the Council Conclusions of 11 October 2004. They also note that their partnership rests on a solid foundation of shared values ​​and beliefs and on their commitment to democracy, pluralism, the rule of law and multilateralism in international relations, where they see a multilateral approach as a crucial factor for stability and peace in the world. For the future, they have the wish to expand the partnership further through more intensive dialogue.

So see

  • You can find out more about EU-India relations on the European External Action Service (FR) website.

Last change: April 8th, 2008