What are acute sports injuries
Acute sports injuries
Sports injuries usually occur when parts of the musculoskeletal system are suddenly put under incorrect strain or strain. This is the case, for example, with an ankle injury, which is considered to be the most common acute sports injury: the ankle is twisted by a misstep; This results in strains or tears in the ligaments and possibly broken bones.
External influences, e.g. B. falls or collisions, on the other hand, lead to an acute sports injury less often. Typical examples are the broken collarbone in a bicycle fall or the "horse kiss", a thigh bruise caused by an (opposing) kick while playing football.
Chronic sports injuries
Chronic sports injuries develop as a result of poorly healed, acute injuries or overuse of tissue (tendons, bones, joints).
Damage to joint structures often leads to premature wear of the affected joint. A typical example is knee arthrosis after cruciate ligament or meniscus injuries. Damaged tendons, capsules, ligaments and muscle fibers are weak points that lead to an increased susceptibility to renewed sports injuries. Sometimes the long-term consequences of acute sports injuries are also relatively discreet; so expresses z. B. damage to the outer ligaments of the ankle typically results in a feeling of insecurity, especially when walking on uneven terrain. The most common cause of chronic sports injuries, however, are not sports accidents, but persistent incorrect or excessive strain on the musculoskeletal system, e.g. B. through wrong technique or excessive training. If the body's ability to compensate for the incorrect load is exceeded, repeated, smallest injuries (microtraumas) and increasing inflammatory reactions occur. In this way, chronic, extremely painful irritation occurs on tendons and tendon attachments, and early signs of wear and tear on joints. Overstrained bones initially react with - not noticeable - remodeling processes, which may lead to fractures with continued stress.
Chronic sports injuries occasionally occur outside the musculoskeletal system as well. This is a typical example Cauliflower ear of the boxer, permanent disfigurement of the auricle due to repeated bleeding and cartilage injuries. At the Surfer ear wind and cold lead to benign bone growths in the ear canal.
AuthorsDr. med. Arne Schäffler in: Gesundheit heute, edited by Dr. med. Arne Schäffler. Trias, Stuttgart, 3rd edition (2014). Revision and update: Dr. med. Sonja Kempinski | last changed on at 12:32
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