How can we look after our vegetable garden
Water: thirst quencher and strength donor
Tips for watering the garden
Water is vital for the garden. Proper watering helps the plants to form healthy and strong roots and to transport nutrients. But the amount alone does not make it, it also depends on the type of watering.
The water is best absorbed in the early morning. - Photo: Sebastian Hennigs
A beautiful garden is also possible with little use of water. All you have to do is follow a few tips and hints.
Only water what really needs water
Not every plant needs permanent water. Some can do without it for a while. Watering means cost and time expenditure for us and at the same time consumes one of the most important natural resources we have. Lush, green lawns require up to twenty liters of water per square meter per week. A small lawn area adds up to around four hundred liters a month, which is up to two bathtubs.
If you want to save, you can do without it altogether or create a wildflower meadow. With her there is no need to blast it. A lawn can also endure longer periods of dryness and then turns green again. So don't panic if the lawn is more brown than green at times.
Watering in the vegetable garden
Our vegetables do not forgive drought. Without sufficient moisture, the plants quickly become susceptible to disease and pests and eventually die. Therefore, enough water must be poured here. In order to save water, however, the type of irrigation is important:
- Water right on the bottom. It is best if the water is led directly to the roots. To do this, you can dig a small flower pot into the ground near the roots and use it as a funnel. In this way, the water evaporates less quickly. A layer of mulch also protects the soil against rapid evaporation.
- Do not water on the plants. Particularly sensitive plants do not like the direct water from above so much - tomatoes and kohlrabi, for example, then burst. In the sun, water droplets act like a magnifying glass and leaves can burn.
- Water in the morning. The vegetable garden should be watered in the morning hours to keep snails and mushrooms away.
Watering in the ornamental garden
Ornamental plants and perennials need even watering to keep them strong and healthy. If it is too humid, fungi and viruses have an easy time. If it is too dry, the plant is weakened and nutrients are no longer transported. The plant sheds the leaves and becomes very susceptible to pests and diseases as well. So regular watering is the order of the day.
Those who cannot or want to water less should rely on drought-tolerant perennials. They get by with less water and are also insensitive to diseases and pests.
Plants for dry locations:
- Grass lilies (Anthericum liliago or Anthericum ramosum)
- Golden hair grid (Aster linosyris)
- Sand carnation (Dianthus arenarius)
- Common adder head (Echium vulgare)
- Large brown elephant (Prunella grandiflora)
Watering fruit trees
Even a strong tree suffers when there is a lack of water or nutrients. It gets limp leaves and struggles with increased infestation. Ripe compost and algae lime are suitable as fertilizers; both are introduced below the crown area. If there is lawn under the tree, the fertilizer must be mixed with water and well silted up. This can be repeated every two years so that the tree bears well and stays healthy. The watering of a large tree should take place in the area of the outer crown edge, in the soil there are the fine roots, which absorb the water best. So well cared for, the tree is still strong against any pest.
Rainwater: ideal and free
Rainwater is low in calcium and has the pH value that plants love. It also comes from heaven for free. Rainwater is therefore ideal for watering the garden or balcony. To collect the water, we can collect it in a rain barrel that is attached to the downpipe. A tap on the bin makes it easy to remove.
But other vessels are also suitable for collecting rainwater. If you need a lot of water, you can also dig a cistern in the ground. In general: vessels, rain barrels or ponds must not become traps for animals. For insects and other animals, a large stone or branch can be placed in the middle. It offers thirsty crawlers an opportunity to get out. The vessel must also be childproof!
Tip: There are of course no limits to creativity when it comes to collecting the precious rainwater. A disused umbrella, for example, can be converted into a "rain catcher" on the balcony.
more on the subject
Animals also need water
Water supply for birds
The birds are particularly happy about a watering hole in summer. If you like, you can simply build a bird bath yourself. We'll show you how to do it!to the video
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